A Woodpeckers is known for pecking holes in a tree bark and it does it to find insects to eat. Woodpeckers live in forests and spend their lives in the trees. Woodpecker is around 180 species or types.
Woodpeckers are worldwide, but are abundant is Southeast Asia and South America, but for New Guinea and Australia. Most woodpeckers spend lives in trees, spiral up in search of insects. A few ground-feeding forms also perch on horizontal branches. Else, most woodpeckers feed on berries and fruits or in some seasons feed on sap from certain trees.
Woodpecker’s prepares for winter by finding a dead tree and makes holes for the acorns. Each hole is small, prohibiting the other large birds from stealing the acorn. Besides keeping the hole narrow has it advantage that the nut breaks. By the summer end, the work of the woodpecker ends. It is the time the acrons ripe. A large tree trunk holds around 50,000 acorns, ensuring a satisfying winter for the bird.
Woodpeckers, in spring give loud calls; it is augmented occasionally on metal or mostly by drumming on hollow wood. They are the male’s sounds having territories and if not in other seasons, they are silent. Mostly, woodpeckers travel in pairs or prefer solitary.
A few woodpecker species
- The acorn woodpecker is 20 cm long (8 inches). It stores it supply in the tree barks by drilling it as winter food. The woodpeckers are in the deciduous woodlands of western North America south to Colombia. There are redheaded woodpeckers in the same size as an acorn woodpecker, but is distributed sparsely in farmland, open woodlands, and orchards of North America to the Rocky Mountains east.
- Downy woodpecker is a species well known and does 15 cm long, inhabit in the woodlands. However, the hairy woodpecker is 20-25cm long; these two species are in temperate North America. While, spotted woodpecker is about 23 cm long and is found in Eurasia western temperate South to North Africa.
- Black woodpecker is 46 cm long found in beech and coniferous woodlands of Eurasia, while in temperate North America the pileated woodpecker is 40-47cm in size, inhabiting the mature forests.
- Woodpeckers 3-toed are in two species. The three-toe northern woodpecker ranges across subarctic Northern Hemisphere and in some south mountains, while the three-toe black backed is across central Canada, the forested region.
- The crimson-backed woodpecker is from India to Philippine Islands in open woodlands. The green woodpecker is throughout the temperate Eurasia to Africa south to north. The red-bellied woodpecker is in the U.S, southeaster deciduous forests.
- Ivory-billed woodpecker is 45cm long and is found in the Southern U.S. and Cuba, while a Cuban ivory-billed woodpecker, a subspecies, and the imperial woodpecker of Mexico is in the endangered list. All these birds need isolation and large trees.
Sapsucker is found in North America and Picidae family woodpeckers are noted for drilling holes in neat close rows through the trees bark and obtains sap and insects. They catch insects in midair.
The yellow-bellied sapsucker is about 20 cm long. It breeds in northern regions (south in mountains) and migrates to the West Indies and Central America; the red-naped and breasted races are to the west of the Rocky Mountains.
Picus, is a woodpecker in Roman mythology, sacred to the god Mars. It was worshipped widely in ancient Italy. Picus was an agricultural deity connected with the soil fertilization with manure. The woodpecker was in augury.
Wryneck is from the subfamily Jynginae from the woodpecker family (Picidae). Wrynecks are gray-brown birds. This species twist their necks snakily when alarmed. The eat insects from trees or flick up ants using long tongues and nest in old woodpecker holes. Wryneck is 16 cm long, breeds in the tropics during winters and other times is from England to Japan.
List Of Woodpecker Species
|Serial No||Common Name||Binomial name|
|01||Guadeloupe woodpecker||Melanerpes herminieri|
|02||Red-throated wryneck||Jynx ruficollis|
|03||Eurasian wryneck||Jynx torquilla|
|04||Bar breasted piculet||Picumnus aurifrons|
|05||Black dotted piculet||Picumnus nigropunctatus|
|06||Arrowhead piculet||Picumnus minutissimus|
|07||Varzea piculet||Picumnus varzeae|
|08||Red headed woodpecker||Melanerpes erythrocephalus|
|09||Golden Naped woodpecker||Melanerpes chrysauchen|
|10||White Fronted woodpecker||Melanerpes cactorum|
|11||Golden Cheeked woodpecker||Melanerpes chrysogenys|
|12||Yucatan woodpecker||Melanerpes pygmaeus|
|13||West Indian woodpecker||Melanerpes superciliaris|
|14||Cuban green woodpecker||Xiphidiopicus percussus|
|15||Buff spotted woodpecker||Pardipicus nivosus|
|16||Brown eared woodpecker||Pardipicus caroli|
|17||Bennett’s woodpecker||Campethera bennettii|
|18||Golden-tailed woodpecker||Campethera abingoni|
|19||Mombasa Woodpecker||Campethera mombassica|
|20||Little green Woodpecker||Campethera maculosa|
|21||Little spotted woodpecker||Campethera cailliautii|
|22||Tullberg’s woodpecker||Campethera tullbergi|
|23||Brown capped pygmy woodpecker||Yungipicus nanus|
|24||Grey capped pygmy woodpecker||Yungipicus canicapillus|
|25||Sulu pygmy woodpecker||Yungipicus ramsayi|
|26||American three-toed woodpecker||Picoides dorsalis|
|27||Black backed woodpecker||Picoides arcticus|
|28||Arabian woodpecker||Dendrocoptes dorae|
|29||Little grey woodpecker||Dendropicos elachus|
|30||Cardinal woodpecker||Dendropicos fuscescens|
|31||Gabon woodpecker||Dendropicos gabonensis|
|32||Melancholy woodpecker||Dendropicos lugubris|
|33||Eastern grey woodpecker||Dendropicos spodocephalus|
|33||Olive woodpecker||Dendropicos griseocephalus|
|34||Crimson Breasted woodpecker||Dryobates cathpharius|
|33||Little woodpecker||Veniliornis passerinus|
|34||Checkered woodpecker||Veniliornis mixtus|
|35||Striped woodpecker||Veniliornis lignarius|
|36||Yellow-vented woodpecker||Veniliornis dignus|
|37||Arizona woodpecker||Leuconotopicus arizonae|
|38||Hairy woodpecker||Leuconotopicus villosus|
|39||White headed woodpecker||Leuconotopicus albolarvatus|
|40||Fulvous breasted woodpecker||Dendrocopos macei|
|41||Freckle breasted woodpecker||Dendrocopos analis|
|42||Darjeeling woodpecker||Dendrocopos darjellensis|
|43||Himalayan woodpecker||Dendrocopos himalayensis|
|44||Sind woodpecker||Dendrocopos assimilis|
|45||White-winged woodpecker||Dendrocopos leucopterus|
|46||Great spotted woodpecker||Dendrocopos major|
|47||Okinawa woodpecker||Dendrocopos noguchii|